The islands provided a temporary maritime base for ships of the Marathas in the 17th century. An initial attempt by the British to set up a colony in the islands was abandoned after only a few years (17891796). A second attempt from 1858 proved to be more permanent. The British used the islands as an isolated prison for members of the Indian independence movement.

The islands were nominally put under the authority of the Arzi Hukumate Azad Hind of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. Netaji visited the islands during WW II, and renamed them "Shaheed" (Martyr) & "Swaraj" (Self-rule). On 22 February 1944 he arrived at Lambaline airport of Port Blair. The islands were reoccupied by British and Indian troops of the 116 Indian Infantry Brigade on 7 October 1945.

At the independence of both India (1947) and Burma (1948), the departing British announced their intention to resettle all Anglo-Indians and Anglo-Burmese on the islands to form their own nation, but this never materialized. It became an Indian union territory (UT) in 1950.


The emblem of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands is a logo composed of the Asoka-capital and the name of the territory in coloured lettering on a black background.


Andaman & Nicobar Islands Police





The coat of arms of the Andaman & Nicobar Islands shows the golden initials of the service on a red background, surrounded by the name of the service in golden lettering on a blue bordure. The arms are crested with the Asoka capital, being the emblem of India and is surrounded by a golden garland. Below is the motto of the republic in devanagiri on a red ribbon.



Hubert de Vries 2009-09-21.

Updated 2009-10-16