HIMACHAL PRADESH

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HIMACHAL PRADESH became a territory of the Indian Republic on 14 April 1948. It was composed of 21 princely states: Baghal, Baghat, Balsan, Busharh, Bhaji, Bija, Chamba*, Darkoti, Dhami, Jubbal, Keonthal, Kumarsin, Kunihar, Kuthar, Mahlog, Mandi*, Mangal, Sangri, Sirmur*, Suket* and Tarog and dependencies. The former Princely State of Bilaspur was added to the Territory on 1 July 1954. By Punjab Reorganization Act of 1 November 1966 Himachal Pradesh was given the status of state.

 

The State of Himachal Pradesh has a National Emblem consisting of a mountain ridge over three white fesses, charged with the Aśoka capital. In base is the name of the state in Devanagiri.

 

A mountain ridge is a common symbol for the territory in Chinese state symbolism. Sometimes a screen showing a mountain ridge was displayed behind the throne of the ruler like in Korea and Vietnam. A mountain ridge is also a part of the achievement of Tibet and, in today´s India, in the emblem of Arunachal Pradesh.

 

The three white fesses are also in the actual emblem of neighbouring Indian Kashmir

 

The hyperlinked Princely States were granted achievements in 1877, designed by Robert Taylor. Some additional information is given by Jaipur.[1]

 

 

BILASPUR

 

Raja of...

 

Arms: Or, on a dry tree proper between two pallets Gules, two cinquefoils Argent in fess point.

Crest: On a helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Gules and Or, a chicor (partridge) proper.

Supporters: dexter a kukur (Hyelaphus porcinus - Cervidæ) and sinister a goorul (Ovis ammon - Bovidæ).         

(T. 9 Belaspoor (Khyloor))

 

CHAMBA

 

IT IS BELIEVED THAT THE STATE CAME INTO EXISTENCE  SOMETIME IN THE 6th century A.D.. The founder was Maruta, a Suryavanshi Rajput. He built Brahmapur - the modern Barmau. The town of Chamba was built by Sahai Varma in about 920.

The State maintained its independence right up to the Moghul conquest of India when it became a dependent principality. It accepted the British Sovereignty in 1846. (J)

Raja of... , State of....

 

Arms: Argent, gutty de sang, a falcon rising Vert within a bordure Vairy.

Crest: On a helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Azure and Vert, a lion’s face rayonnant proper.

Supporters: Two goorul (Ovis ammon - Bovidæ).      

(T.22)

 

MANDI

 

 

Raja of ...

 

Arms: Or, three jays (Garrulus lanceolatus - Corvidae) proper, impaling Vairy, four billets Or.

Crest: On a helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Azure and Argent, a hawk rising Sable.

Supporters: On the dexter a goorul (Ovis ammon - Bovidæ) and on the sinister a bear (Selenarctos thibethanus - Ursidae) proper.           

(T. 58)

 

SIRMAUR

 

Raja’s and Maharaja’s in the time of British Rule

 

H.H. Sri Raja Sir Shamsher Prakash Bahadur,

Raja of Sirmur 1856 - 1898

H.H. Sri Raja Sir Surendra Bikram Prakash Bahadur,

Raja of Sirmur 1898 - 1911

Lieutenant-Colonel H.H. Sri Maharaja Sir Amar Prakash Bahadur,

Raja of Sirmur 1911 - 1933

Maharaja of Sirmur 1.1.1918

Lieutenant-Colonel H.H. Sri Maharaja Sir Rajendra Prakash Bahadur,

Maharaja of Sirmur 1933 - 1964

 

 

Raja of...

 

Arms: Azure, six bees Or, 3,2 & 1, within a bordure indented Gules.

Crest: On a helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Azure and Or, a stag’s head erased proper.

Supporters: Two leopards proper.         

(T. 61, Nahun (Sirmoor))

 

A second version, embellished with the jewel of the Order of the Star of India is known from the work of Jaipur:

 

SUKET

 

 

Raja’s of Suket in the time of British Rule

 

Ugar Sen II

1838-1876

Rudra Sen

1876-1878

Arimardan Sen

1878-1879

Dasht Nikandan Sen

1879-1908

Sir Bhim Sen

1908-1919

Lakshman Sen Bahadur

1919-1970

 

An achievement for the Raja of Suket was designed by Robert Taylor in 1877. It was:

 

 

Raja of .....

 

Arms: Vairy, three fish naiant Or.

Crest: On a helmet to the dexter, lambrequined Azure and Argent, a Hawk rising Gules.

Supporters: Ravens rising

Motto: till hill and river vanish.

(T. 34)

A second achievement, apparently for the State of Suket shows:

State of ....

 

Arms: Quarterly, in the first and fourth two swords in saltire; in the second a sun radiant and in the third a crescent.

Crest: On an antique crown, a horse saliant.

Supporters: Two lions guardant.

Title: suket state punjab.

(Jaipur)

 

© Hubert de Vries 2009-06-21



[1] Jaipur, H.H. the Maharadja of: A History of the Indian State Forces. Orient Longmans. Bombay/Cal­cutta/Madras/New Delhi, 1967. Taylor, Robert M.A. Cantab Bengal Civil Service.The Princely Armory. Being a display of the arms of the ruling chiefs of India prepared for the Imperial Assembly held at Delhi on the 1st day of January 1877. Printed for the Government of India at the Government Central Printing Office, 8 Hastings Street, Calcutta 1902.