ACRE

 

 

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Estatdo Independente do Acre

 

 

In the time of the Empire the arms used by the provinces were the Imperial Arms. At the proclamation of the Republic the states were granted the right to adopt their own achievements.

The República do Acre and the Estado Independente do Acre were separatist governments in then Bolivia's Acre region between 1899 and 1903.

 

By Decree n° 1 of 15 July 1899 Luiz Galvez Rodrigues de Arias, head of the provisional government proclaimed the Estado Independente do Acre. 

The seal of the independent state showed a tree and a house, in chief a five-pointed star rayonnant. The legend reads: « ESTADO INDEPENDENTE DO ACRE  «PATRIA E LIBERDADE. It was printed on stamps issued 1899.

 

The first achievement of Acre was created in the time of independent Acre. It was:

 

Achievement on a map of Acre[1]

 

Arms: A palmtree charged in base with a puma guardant resting on the bank of a river to the sinister proper, in sinister base a five-pointed star Argent; and a bordure Azure fimbriated Argent, the words ESTADO INDEPENDENTE DO ACRE and 7 DE AGOSTO DI 1902 separated by two five-pointed stars.

Crest: A phrygian cap on a pole Gules.

Supporters: A garland of branches and two flags, being per bend sinister yellow and green, at the top mast-end a red five-pointed star; in base a trophy of an anchor and two swords in saltire.

Motto:LIBERTAS QUAE SERA TAMEN” (Freedom Albeit Late)

 

Territorio e Estado do Acre

 

On November 17, 1903, with the signing over and sale in the Treaty of Petrópolis, Brazil annexed the region. Acre was then integrated into Brazil as a territory divided into three departments

It received the name of  Territorio do Acre on 7 August 1904 by law of 25 February 1904.

By law of 15 June 1962 the territory became the Estado do Acre on 1 March 1963.

 

The achievement of the Territorio do Acre was:

 

 

Arms: A five-pointed star, each point parted Vert and Or, a disc Azure, charged in dexter chief with a five-pointed star Argent and surrounded by a bordure Sable fimbriated Argen and charged with 20 five-pointed stars Argent

Supporters: A 24-ponted halo Or and a garland of coffee- and tobacco plants, in base a sword per pale.

Motto: 5  DE AGOSTO DE  1902 / 17 DE NOVEMBRO DE 1903  24 DE JANEIRO DE 1913, in black lettering on a blue ribbon.

 

A third achievement, created by Governor Epaminondas Jácome and adopted by resolution n° 45 of 24 May 1922  is:

 

Arms: A palmtree charged in base with puma running to the sinister proper, in sinister base a five-pointed star Argent; and a bordure Azure fimbriated Argent, the words ESTADO DO ACRE and 7 DE AUGUSTO DI 1904 separated by two five-pointed stars.

Crest: A phrygian cap on a pole Gules.

Supporters: A garland of branches and two flags, being green, a yellow lozenge, at the top mast-end a red five-pointed star; in base a trophy of an anchor and two swords in saltire.

Motto:LIBERTAS QUÆ  SERA TAMEN” (Freedom Albeit Late)

 

The Constitution of the Federation of 1934 abolished the symbols of the states and their achievements were replaced by the national emblem.

The Federal Constitution of 1946 restored the autonomy and also the achievements of the states.

 

A fourth achievement was adopted in 1991-’92 in the term of office of Edmundo Pinto de Almeida Neto. It shows:

 

Arms: A palmtree charged in base with puma standing on the bank of a river to the sinister proper, in sinister base a five-pointed star Gules; and a bordure Azure fimbriated Argent, the words NEC LUCEO PLURIBUS IMPAR (Enlighted like so many) separated by two five-pointed stars.

Crest: A phrygian cap on a pole Gules.

Supporters: A sixteen pointed sun radiant Or, charged with a garland of branches and two flags, being being per bend sinister yellow and green at the top mast-end a red five-pointed star; in base a trophy of an anchor and two swords in saltire.

Motto: 6-8-1902, 15-6-1962, 24-1-1903 on a white ribbon.

 

ð see illustration in the head of this essay

 

Armed Forces

 

Army

 

 

Acre is a part of the 12th Military Region with its headquarters at Manaus.

 

Military Police

 

 

 

Police

 

 

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© Hubert de Vries 21011-12-04

 



[1] From: Castro, J. Placido de:  Mappa do Estado Independente do Acre, 1902. Another rendering of the achievement on: Castro, Genesco de: O Estado Independente do Acre e J. Placido do Castro . Rio de Janeiro, 1930. Cover.