BULGARIA

Part 2

 

 

 

HISTORY & HERALDRY

First Bulgarian Empire

Macedonian Empire

Byzantine Rule

Second Bulgarian Empire

Sebastocrators and Despots

Rumelia

Bulgaria

Rulers

Principality

Kingdom

Republic

Armed Forces

Back to Part 1

 

Rulers of Bulgaria

When, by Treaty of Berlin  (1878), Bulgaria had become an autonomous principality under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire, Tsar Alexander II of Russia recommended his nephew Prince Alexander of Battenberg to the Bulgarians as a candidate for the newly created throne. The Grand National Assembly  unanimously elected him as Prince of Bulgaria on 29 April 1879. [1]

Alexander of Battenberg

*1857-†1893

1879-1886

Alexander was the second son of Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine  by the latter's morganatic marriage  with Countess Julia von Hauke. The Countess and her descendants gained the title of Princess of Battenberg  (derived from an old residence of the Grand Dukes of Hesse ) and the style  Durchlaucht ("Serene Highness ") in 1858. Prince Alexander was a nephew of Russia 's Tsar Alexander II , who had married a sister of Prince Alexander of Hesse; his mother, a daughter of Count Moritz von Hauke, had been lady-in-waiting  to the Tsaritsa.

1880-1883 Arms

Arms at Heiligenberg Castle

Arms: A cross Or, ¼: 1&4: Bulgaria; 2&3:Vert, a russian cross Or; and in nombril point Azure, a lion fessy of ten pieces Argent and Gules, langued and unguled Or, and a label of three Argent (charged with two pales Sable) for Battenberg.

Crown: A princely crown

The arms with the Russian cross probably are meant to be the arms of the Exarchate of Bulgaria which extended over about Bulgaria as established by rhe Treaty of San Stefano.

 

1880-1883 Larger Achievement

1880-1887 Princely Achievement [2]

Arms: A cross Or, ¼: 1&4: Bulgaria; 2&3:Vert, a russian cross Or; and in nombril point Azure, a lion barry of ten pieces Argent and Gules, langued and unguled Or, and a label of three Argent (charged with two pales Sable) for Battenberg.

Crown: A princely crown

Supporters: Two crowned lions Or supporting the banner of Bulgaria

Motto: DEVS NOBISCVM (God with Us)

Mantle: Purpure, fringed and tasseled Or, lined ermine, vaulted Gules, charged with three princley crowns Or and princely crowned.

In 1883 the motto was translated into СЪ НАМИ БОГЪ

Ferdinand I of Saxony-Coburg-Gotha

*1861-†1918

Prince of Bulgaria 1887-1908

King 1908-1918

Knight of the Fleece n° 1176, 1911

1887-1890 Larger Princely Achievement

Arms: A cross Or, ¼: 1&4: Bulgaria; 2&3:Vert, a russian cross Or; and in nombril point barry Sable and Or, a crown of rue per bend Vert (Saxony).

Crown: A princely crown

Supporters: Two crowned lions Or supporting the banner of Bulgaria

Motto: СЪ НАМИ БОГЪ (God with Us)

Mantle: Purpure, fringed and tasseled Or, lined ermine, vaulted Gules, charged with three princley crowns Or and princely crowned.

1890-1896

(D.D.H. 1893, p. 118, Gritzner, M. Handbuch 1893 pp. 457-461).

(De russische kruisen dus vervangen door de wapenbeelden uit Ulrich Richental).

1890-1912 Princely Arms



Arms: Bulgaria with escutcheon Saxony

Crown: The Bulgarian Crown

Order: The cross and collar of the Order of the House of Saxony-Ernestine line (Saxony-Altenburg, Coburg and Gotha, Meiningen 1690/1833)

1890-1912 Princely Achievement

Arms: Bulgaria with escutcheon Saxony

Crown: The Bulgarian Crown

Order: The cross and collar of the Order of the House of Saxony-Ernestine line (Saxony-Altenburg, Coburg and Gotha, Meiningen 1690/1833)

Supporters: Two crowned lions Or

Motto: ВЂРНОСТЬ  И  ПОСТОЯНСTВО (Faithful and Firm)

The motto is the translation in bulgarian of the motto FIDELITER ET CONSTANTER which was the motto of the Order of the Ernestinian House.

Eastern Rumelia

Eastern Rumelia was created as an autonomous province within the Ottoman Empire by the Treaty of Berlin in 1878. The region roughly corresponded to today's Southern Bulgaria. It was to remain under the political and military jurisdiction of the Ottoman Empire with significant administrative autonomy (Article 13). As a Civil Administrator the Russian Arkady Stolypin was appointed from  9 October 1878 to 18 May 1879.

The law frame of Eastern Rumelia was defined with the Organic Statute which was adopted on 14 April 1879 and was in force until the Unification with Bulgaria in 1885. According to the Organic Statute the head of the province had to be a Christian Governor-General appointed by the Sublime Porte with the approval of the Great Powers.

The first Governor-General was the Bulgarian prince Alexander Bogoridi (18.05.1879 – 26.04. 1884)

who was acceptable to both Bulgarians and Greeks in the province. The second Governor-General was Gavril Krastevich (26.04.1884 – 18.09.1885), a famous Bulgarian historian.

After a bloodless revolution on 6 September 1885, the province was annexed by the Principality of Bulgaria, which was de jure a tributary state but de facto functioned as independent nation.

During the period of Bulgarian annexation Georgi Stranski was appointed as a Commissioner for South Bulgaria (09.09.1885 - 05.04.1886), and when the province was restored to nominal Ottoman sovereignty, but still under Bulgarian control, the subsequent Princes of Bulgaria Alexander Joseph of Battenberg (17.04.1886-07.09.1886) and Ferdinand Maximilian I of Bulgaria (07.07.1887- 5.10.1908) were recognized by the Sublime Porte as the Governor-General.

In the first years of the existence of Eastern Rumelia stamps were issued showing a crescent referring to the Ottoman sovereignty.

By the governors general however a coat of arms for the province was adopted derived from the arms of the Patriarchate of Constantinople. These go back to the arms of two bishops from the patrarchate visiting the Council of Konstanz in 1414. As follows:

 

The arms of the Emperor and the Patriarch of Constantinople

From Ulrich Richentals Konziliumsbuch (1417)

Arms of the Patriarchate of Constantinople

By Martin Schrot, 1581

 

The legend reads:

Der hochwürdig und duchleüchtig fürſt und herz herz Manoil pedagogus keijſer zü conſtantinopel in kriechen land des botten warent zu Costencz zwen herzoge von kriechen von tropij die da hijenach and dem anderen blat bennent vnd ir namen vnd wappen gemalet iſt  Und auch ſechs ritter dije auch in diſem büch benennet ſeind kament all miteinanð mit vnſeren herzen te küng

These were: Manuel II (*1347-† 1425) of Byzantium and Patriarch Joseph II (1416-‘39) of Constantinople.

Both arms were quartered after the fall of Constantinople and are called the arms of the Patriarch of Constantinople in the armorial of Martin Schrot (München, 1581). In the 17th-18th century they were again represented by Paul Ritter Vitezovic and Christofor Jefarovic when they were called the arms of ‘Romania’. This ‘Romania’ comprised the former Roman provinces of Thracia and Eaeminontus and the sançak Gelibolu (Gallipoli) in the Ottoman era. In about 1885 the arms were taken as a coat of arms for the Governors General of Eastern Rumelia which was the northern part of the Gelibolu sançak. [3] They were:

Arms of the Governors General of Eastern Rumelia 1879-‘85

Reconstruction after Stoian Antonov

Arms: Per fess: In chief: Argent, two pales Gules and a chief Azure two crowns Or; in base: Gules, two arms proper vested Vert supporting a crown Or.

 

 

After the annexation of Eastern Rumelia in 1885 the princely larger achievement of Alexander Battenberg was changed by replacing the blasons with the Russian cross by the arms of Eastern Rumelia. As follows:

Arms: ¼: 1&4: Bulgaria; 2&3 per fess: In chief: Argent, two pales Gules and a chief Azure, two crowns Or; in base: Gules, two arms proper, vested Argent upholding a crown Or. And in nombril point Saxony.

Crown: The Bulgarian Crown

Order: The cross and collar of the Order of the House of Saxony-Ernestine line (Saxony-Altenburg, Coburg and Gotha, Meiningen 1690/1833)

Supporters: Two crowned lions Or supporting the banner of Bulgaria

Motto: ВЂРНОСТЬ  И  ПОСТОЯНСTВО

Mantle: Purpure fringed and tasseled Or, vaulted purpure charged with two crowns Or and princeley crowned.

In 1896 the quarters for Eastern Rumelia were reduced, the chief emblazoned in the second and the base emblazoned in the third quarter. As follows:

 

And the larger princely achievement became:

1896-1909 Larger Princely Achievement

Arms: ¼: 1&4: Bulgaria; 2. Argent, two pales Gules and a chief Azure, two crowns Or; 3. Gules, two arms proper, vested Argent upholding a crown Or. And in nombril point Saxony.

Crown: The Bulgarian Crown

Order: The cross and collar of the Order of the House of Saxony-Ernestine line (Saxony-Altenburg, Coburg and Gotha, Meiningen 1690/1833)

Supporters: Two crowned lions Or supporting the banner of Bulgaria

Motto: ВЂРНОСТЬ  И  ПОСТОЯНСTВО

Mantle: Purpure fringed and tasseled Or, vaulted purpure charged with two crowns Or and princeley crowned

When Bulgaria had become an independent kingdom in 1908 the princely arms became the royal arms and they were changed by omitting the quarters for Eastern Rumelia, the territory being an integral part of the kingdom now.

1909 Royal Arms

Arms: Bulgaria with escutcheon: ¼: 1. Bulgaria with escutcheon Saxony; 2. Azure, three fleurs de lys Or and a label of three Argent (Orleans); 3. Azure, three fleurs de lys Or and a bordure Gules (Bourbon); Azure, a lion Or swinging a sword Argent standing on a base of three hills Argent (Csabrag); and in nomril point Saxony.

Crown: The crown of Bulgaria

Order: The cross and collar of the Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius (1909)

On the escutcheon are the arms of Ferdinand himself, his mothers father Louis Philippe d’ Orleans, king of France, his mothers mother Mary Amalia of Bourbon, Princess of the Two Sicilies, his fathers mother Princess Antonia Kohary of Csabrag, and of his fathers father Ferdinand, Prince of Saxony-Coburg and Gotha.

1909 Royal Achievement.

Arms: Bulgaria with escutcheon: ¼: 1. Bulgaria with escutcheon Saxony; 2. Azure, three fleurs de lys Or and a label of three Argent (Orleans); 3. Azure, three fleurs de lys Or and a bordure Gules (Bourbon); Azure, a lion Or swinging a sword Argent standing on a base of three hills Argent (Csabrag); and in nomril point Saxony.

Crown: The crown of Bulgaria

Order: The cross and collar of the Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius (1909)

Supporters: Two lion proper crowned with the bulgarian crownstanding on a compartment Vert.

Motto: ВЂРНОСТЬ И ПОСТОЯНСВО

Boris III

*1894-†1943

1918-1943

Ex-libris of King Boris III

Arms: Bulgaria

Crown: The crown of Bulgaria

Order: The cross and collar of the Order of Saints Cyril and Methodius (1909).

Княжество България

Principality

1878-1908

The provisional government of 1878 adopted for arms the design of Jefarovic unchanged but added a crowned mantle.

In 1879 a coat of arms was adopted by constitution.

Constitution of the Principality of Bulgaria

Signed Trnovo, 16/28 April 1879

Changed by law of 15/27 May 1893

Chapter IV. About the Arms, Seal of State and National Flag

Art. 21. The arms of state of Bulgaria are a golden crowned lion on a dark-red field. Above the field is a princely crown. [4]

Art. 22. The seal of state shows the arms of the principality

Art. 23. The national Bulgarian flag is composed of three coloured horizontal breadths that is to say of white, green and red.

1878 Arms of State

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or. 

Crown: a princely crown

Motto:  СЪЕДИНЕНИЕ-ТО ПРАВИ СИЛА-ТА (Unity makes Strength)

1879 Larger Achievement of State

1879

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or. 

Crown: a princely crown

Supporters: Two lions guardant supporting spears with the flag of Bulgaria: White, Green and Red.

Mantle: Purpure, fringed and tasseled Or, lined ermine and crowned with a princely crown

Motto:  СЪЕДИНЕНИЕ-ТО ПРАВИ СИЛА-ТА  (Unity makes Strength)

Българско Княжество Дьржавніи Печатъ

1887 Achievement of State

1887 Larger Achievment of State

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or. 

Crown: a princely crown

Supporters: Two lions guardant supporting spears with the flag of Bulgaria: White, Green and Red.

Mantle: Purpure, fringed and tasseled Or, lined ermine and crowned with a princely crown

Motto:  СЪЕДИНЕНИЕ-ТО ПРАВИ СИЛА-ТА  (Unity makes Strength)

Crown

The Crown of Bulgaria was designed in 1891 by the heraldist Friedrich  Heyer von Rosenfeld, and shows a circlet with lily-shaped points, behind which eight hoops arch over a low purple cap. The gold-fringed white crow-ribbons are edged with red and green, the national colours of Bulgaria.

In 1892 the arms of Bulgaria were crowned with the new crown:

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or. 

Crown: a princely crown

1892 Larger Achievement of State

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or. 

Crown: a princely crown

Supporters: Two lions guardant supporting spears with the flag of Bulgaria: White, Green and Red.

Mantle: Purpure, fringed and tasseled Or, lined ermine and crowned with a princely crown

Motto:  СЪЕДИНЕНИЕ-ТО ПРАВИ СИЛА-ТА  (Unity makes Strength)

Царство  България

Kingdom

22.09.1908-15.09.1946

1908 Arms of State

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or

Crown: The crown of Bulgaria

1908 Achievement of State

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or. 

Crown: The crown of Bulgaria

Supporters: Two crowned lions

Motto:  СЪЕДИНЕНИЕ-ТО ПРАВИ СИЛА-ТА  (Unity makes Strength)

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or. 

Crown: The crown of Bulgaria

Supporters: Two crowned lions.

Motto:  СЪЕДИНЕНИЕ-ТО ПРАВИ СИЛА-ТА  (Unity makes Strength)

 

1908 Larger Achievement of State

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion Or. 

Crown: The crown of Bulgaria

Supporters: Two crowned lions

Mantle: Purpure, fringed and tasseled Or, lined ermine and crowned with the crown of Bulgaria

Motto:  СЪЕДИНЕНИЕ-ТО ПРАВИ СИЛА-ТА  (Unity makes Strength)

 

 

Royal Standard of Ferdinand I

 

Royal Standard of Boris III

Народна Република България

Bulgarian Peoples’ Republic.

15.09.1946-1991

On 9 September 1944 a communist coup d’etat was held against the government of king Simeon. The insurgents used royal flags defaced by cutting out the crown and the royal cyphers. Around the arms was a garland of branches of oak and olive.

On 15 September 1946 a Peoples’ Republic was proclaimed. On 6 December 1947 an emblem soviet-style was adopted. It is:

Arms: Gules, a lion rampant Or

Crest: A red five-pointed star

Garland: Eight ears of wheat Or tied with a ribbon Gules inscribed with the

Motto: 9 IX 1944 Or.

Adopted 1947.12.04.

Arms: Azure, a lion rampant, in base a cogwheel issuant Or

Crest: A red five-pointed star

Garland: Eight ears of wheat Or tied with a ribbon White-Green and Red

Motto: 9 IX 1944 Or on a ribbon Gules.

Adopted 1948.03.30

Arms: Azure, a lion rampant in base a cogwheel issuant Argent

Crest: A red five-pointed star

Garland: Eight ears of wheat Argent tied with a ribbon White, Green and Red

Motto: 681 1944 Or on a ribbon.

Adopted 1971.05.14

In 631 independence was granted by the Emperor of Byzantium.

Република България / Bulgarian Republic

1991-present

After the abolition of the Peoples’ Republic in 1990 a provisional emblem came into use which was about the same as before but from which the socialist star and the data were removed.

Provisional arms of Bulgaria, 1990

The new Constitution of Bulgaria, adopted in 1991, describes the Bulgarian coat of arms as follows:

Chapter 10

COAT OF ARMS, SEAL, FLAG, ANTHEM, CAPITAL

Art. 164.

The coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria shall depict a golden lion rampant on a dark red shield.

Art. 165.

The state seal shall depict the coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria.

Art. 166.

The flag of the Republic of Bulgaria shall be a tricolor: white, green, and red from top, placed horizontally.

Art. 167.

The rules for the placing of the state seal and the raising of the national flag shall be established by law.

Thew current coat of arms of Bulgaria was adopted in 1997. It is a slightly redesigned version of the coat of arms of Bulgaria from the period 1927–1944.

For many years, agreement on the design of the coat of arms was a source of great controversy in the Bulgarian government, as different parties argued over the design elements, the socialists arguing amongst others that a crown on the head of the lion was a symbol of monarchy which Bulgaria was not and consequently had to be omitted. 

For six years the Socialists were able to block the creation of a new coat-of-arms, until 1997, when the UDF-led National Assembly finally revived and adopted a slightly modified version of the coat-of-arms used before 9th of September 1944, while making a concession to the Socialists and including crosses rather than lilies on the shield's crown. When the coat-of-arms was submitted to the National Assembly for approval on July 31st, 1997, 177 people's deputies voted in favor, 16 people's deputies voted against, and 29 abstained. [5]

The final design was adopted by Law of the coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria of 4 August 1998:

Coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria

Art. 1. The coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria shall be a state symbol expressing the independence and the sovereignty of the Bulgarian people and state.

Art. 2.

(1) The coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria shall be a golden crowned lion rampant on a dark red shield. Above the shield there shall be a big crown which originally was the crown of the Bulgarian Tsars (i.e. Emperors) of the Second Bulgarian Empire with five crosses and another cross on top of the crown. The shield shall be supported on the right and the left by two golden crowned lions rampant, standing on two crossed oak branches with acorns. [The three lions representing the three parts of Bulgaria: Moesia, Thrace, and Macedonia.] Under the shield there shall be a white band, lined with the national colors, containing the text 'Saedinenieto pravi silata' ['Unity makes Strength'].”

(2) The graphic and colour image of the coat of arms according to the appendices shall be an inseparable part of this law.

Art. 3.

(1) The coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria shall be depicted on the state seal in a way determined by a law for the state seal.

(2) The depiction of the coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria in other places as well as the reproduction of elements of the emblem on badges, commemoration medals etc. shall be admitted only by an act of the Council of Ministers

This is:

Arms: Gules, a crowned lion rampant Or

Crown: The Bulgarian Crown of a circlet with five crosses, five hoops, crested with a cross Or, with a low cap Gules and infulae in the national colors, fringed Or.

Supporters: Two crowned lions Or, standing on two branhces of oak in saltire proper

Motto: СЪЕДИНЕНИЕТО ПРАВИ СИЛАТА  (Unity makes Strength), on a ribbon of the national colors, red, green, white, green and red

 

Æ See illustration in the head of this essay

 

Lesser Version

Great Seal

State Seal of the Republic of Bulgaria

(Law for the State Seal and National Flag of the Republic of Bulgaria, Prom. SG. 47/24.04.1998, amend. SG. 33/9.04.1999, amend. SG. 69/3.08.1999)

Art. 1. The state seal of the Republic of Bulgaria shall have a round shape. Depicted in the middle shall be the coat of arms of the Republic of Bulgaria. Around the coat of arms in the upper half of the circle it shall be written "Republic of Bulgaria", and in the lower half - "state seal".

Art. 2. (1) The state seal may be a wax relief seal which is laid to red wax, and dry relief seal.

(2) The cases in which the respective type of seal is used shall be regulated by this law.

Art. 3. (1) A plastic standard and plastic metal carriers shall be manufactured in single copies which shall be used for laying a wax or dry relief seal under this law envisaged order.

(2) The graphic depiction on the state seal with defining the type and size of the print type, description of the composition, way of laying the wax or dry relief seal pursuant to supplement No. 1 which is an inseparable part from this law.

Art. 4. The state seal of the Republic of Bulgaria shall be kept by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration and in this capacity of his he shall be referred to as "keeper of the state seal".

Art. 5. (1) The plastic standard under Art. 3, para 1 together with an electronic recording on a magnetic carrier of the state seal shall be preserved in a special safe of the National Bank of Bulgaria the key to which shall be kept by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration.

(2) The wax and dry relief seals under Art. 3, para 1 shall be kept by an order, determined by an order of the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration, at the Ministry of justice and the legal Eurointegration.

Art. 6. (1) The wax and dry relief seal under Art. 3, para 1 shall be renewed if need be on the order of the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration.

(2) The substituted seals under para 1 shall be destroyed by an order, determined by an order of the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration for which he shall draft a protocol.

Art. 7. (1) The state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration after signing by the chairman of the Grand National Assembly of the laws of the Grand National Assembly.

(2) The state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration after signing by the chairman of the National Assembly of the originals of the National Assembly passed laws:

1. law of amendment and rider to the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria;

2. decision for holding elections for Grand National Assembly;

3. Decision for scheduling elections for president and vice-president of the Republic;

4. decision for holding a national referendum;

5. decision for electing and dismissing the prime minister and the Council of Ministers, as well as for government re-shuffles;

6. decision for the establishment, transformation and closure of ministries;

7. decision by which members of the Constitutional Court are appointed from the quota of the National Assembly;

8. decision for election of the members of the Supreme Judicial Court from the quota of the National Assembly;

9. decision for the appointment and dismissal of the heads of the National Bank of Bulgaria, the Accounts Office and other state employees, determined by law;

10. decision for granting agreement for the conclusion of a contract for state loan;

11. decision connected with the issues of declaring war and concluding peace;

12. decision which permits the dispatch and use of Bulgarian armed forces abroad;

13. decision for declaring military or other state of emergency throughout the country's territory or on part of it.

(3) The minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration shall affix with a wax relief seal an adopted new Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, as well as the law of amendment and rider to the Constitution and decision for holding elections for Grand National Assembly. In the rest of the cases under para 1 and para 2 he shall affix the respective bills by a dry relief seal.

(4) The state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration not later than three days upon receipt of the bills under para 1 and para 2.

Art. 8. (1) The state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration after the signature of the president of the Republic on the originals of the decrees for:

1. scheduling elections for Grand National Assembly or for National Assembly, determining the boundaries of the election regions and approval of the election papers;

2. convocation of the first sitting of a newly elected National Assembly;

3. disbandment of the National Assembly, the appointment of a caretaker government and fixing a date of the elections for a new National Assembly;

4. fixing a date for holding a national referendum and approval of the standards of the referendum papers;

5. scheduling elections for bodies of the local self-rule;

6. approval of changes in the boundaries and centres of the administrative-territorial units;

7. naming sites of national significance and settlements;

8. promulgation of a law;

9. reversing for another consideration of a National Assembly passed law;

10. appointing or relieving of posts of the heads of diplomatic missions and the permanent representatives of the Republic of Bulgaria to international organizations;

11. appointing or dismissing the supreme command staff of the Armed forces and conferring senior military ranks;

12. appointing magistrates to the Constitutional court from the presidential quota;

13. appointing or dismissing the chairman of the Supreme Court of Appeal, the chairman of the Supreme Administrative Court and the prosecutor general;

14. appointing and dismissing state employees in the cases when this is envisaged by law;

15. decoration with orders and medals;

16. declaration of war or any other emergency state;

(2) In the cases requiring a re-signing of a president issued decree by the prime minister or by the respective minister in compliance with Art. 102, para 2 of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, the state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration upon re-signing;

(3) The minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration shall affix the decrees of the president for scheduling new elections for Grand National Assembly by a wax relief seal. In the rest of cases under para 1 he shall affix the respective decrees by a dry relief seal.

(4) The state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration not later than three days upon receipt of the decrees.

(5) In the cases of issuing decrees under para 1, items 8 and 9 the term under Art. 88, para 3 of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria for promulgation of the laws shall be distributed as follows:

1. The National Assembly shall submit to the president of the Republic the laws for promulgation not later than three days of their adoption.

2. the president of the Republic shall submit to the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration the decrees under para 1, items 8 and 9 for laying the state seal not later than eight days upon receipt of the laws;

3. the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration shall lay the state seal on the decrees of the president under para 1, items 8 and 9 not later than two days upon receipt.

Art. 9. (1) The state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration on the originals of the documents for ratification, endorsement, adoption or joining an international treaty, drafted on the basis of a National Assembly adopted a law of ratification or an act of the Council of Ministers under which the Republic of Bulgaria joins an international treaty.

(2) The state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration on the originals of the documents by which the heads of the diplomatic missions and of the permanent representatives of the Republic of Bulgaria to international organizations are accredited.

(3) The state seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration not later than three days upon receipt of the documents under para 1 and para 2.

Art. 10. (1) The laying of the state seal is of a certification significance. The decrees which are not re-signed by the prime minister or the respective minister, shall be effected as of the moment of their decreeing by the president of the Republic, while all the rest - after their re-signing.

(2) The minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration shall certify by his signature the laying of the state seal on the respective act, except for Art. 8, para 1, item 10 and Art. 9.

Art. 11. (1) The wax relief seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration immediately below the signature which is certified.

(2) Dry relief seal shall be laid by the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration on the signature which is certified.

Art. 12. The Council of Ministers shall appoint a minister to lay the state seal in the absence or in the event of an impossibility of the minister for justice and the legal Eurointegration to lay it.

Art. 13. (1) The ministry of justice and the legal Eurointegration shall keep a special register in which all acts on which the state seal has been laid are entered according to the order of their entry.

(2) The documents on which the state seal has been laid also bear the number, the date of entry in the register respectively.

Art. 14. (1) A copy of a document bearing the state seal shall be legalized at the ministry of justice and the legal Eurointegration which certify that the original is bearing the state seal.

(2) The original of an act or a document on which the state seal has been laid shall be kept in the National Assembly, in the administrative office of the president respectively. A legalized copy of the original from which the copies under para 1 are legalized, shall be kept in the ministry for justice and the legal Eurointegration.

President

 

President of the Presidium of the

National Assembly of the People’s Republic

 

President of the Republic of 1991

 

State Agency for National Security

 

Former Security Service KDS

 

State Agency for National Security

 

ARMED FORCES

 

Ministry of Defense

 

1908-1944

 

Minister of National Defence until 1992

 

Sleeve Patch Bulgarian Armed Forces (ancient)

Present Armed Forces Achievement

 

Central Office of Military Districts

Army

 

Pre WWII Army Emblem

 

Ensign 1971-1990

 

Army Flag 1999-

 

Cap Badges

 

Royal Army Cocarde

 

People’s Republic army cap badge

 

Republic Cap Badge

 

Republic beret badge

 

Navy

 

Navy Seal

Royal Navy flag until 1944

 

Navy flag until 1991

 

Navy flag 1999-

 

Æ See also: Naval Flags

 

Jack

BPR Navy Commander in Chief

 

Bulgarian Republic Navy C. in C.

 

Cap Badges

 

 

.

Bulgarian Marines

 

 

Navy Marines Anchor

Sleeve Patch

 

At the creation of the Navy Marines batallion in 1998 the arms were designed by Jevgeni Penshev.

 

Air Force

 

Bulgarian Air Force Emblem

 

 

Royal Bulgarian Air Force Pilot Badge, 1936

Republic of 1991 Emblem

 

Sleeve patches, old and new

Roundels

 

 

 

1937-1942

1949-1992

1992-

 

Wings

 

 

Pre-WWII, “secret” Bulgarian Air Force Pilot's Badge,  known as a “Flyer's of Tourist Aircraft” wing. As the Bulgarians were not allowed to have Military Aircraft per WWI Treaties, sometimes given to German Air Force Pilots.

Royal Bulgarian Air Force

 

Bulgarian Air Force officers cap badge

 

Air Force of the People’s Republic

General Staff Wing

 

Police

 

Ministry of the Interior

 

 

Police badge 1879-‘86

Police badge 1908-‘44

 

Cap badge 1971-‘99

Cap badge, present

Republic of 1991 sleeve patches old and new

 

 

Border Police, arms

Border Police, sleeve patch

 

Gendarmerie, arms

Gendarmerie, beret cockarde

 

 

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© Hubert de Vries 2014-08-11



[1] http://heraldika-bg.org/gallery_royal.htm

[2] Der Deutsche Herold 1880 pp. 85 & 104

[3] Aнтонов, Cтоян:  Гербът на Източна Румелия

[4] "zlaten koronovan lev na t'mno-cerveno pole".

[5] About the discussions on the new coat of arms: Войников, Иван: История на Българските Държавни Символи.