NIEDERSACHSEN

 

HISTORY

HERALDRY

Dukes of Saxony

Saxony

Land Niedersachsen

Former Lands

Braunschweig

Hannover

Oldenburg

Ostfiesland

Schaumburg-Lippe

ARMED FORCES

Bundeswehr

Police

 

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History

 

Today’s state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) comprises the main part of the mediaeval duchy of Saxony without the parts today in the Netherlands, but with the part of Frisia east of the Ems added.

The duchy of Saxony was ruled by different dynasties like the Liudolfinger and the Billunger. It comprised the large possessions of the House of Welf of which Louis the Proud succeeded to be enfeoffed with the duchy in 1137. His son Henry the Lion succeeded him in 1142 but was deposed in 1180 for the obvious reason that his power had become too dangerous for the position of the king and emperor.

The duchy was dissolved after the deposition of Henry the Lion and partitioned into three parts: the duchy of Westfalen in the west on both sides of the river Ems and the duchy of Engern, created for the occasion, were given to the archbishop of Cologne (to which the bishops of Utrecht Osnabrück and Münster were subordinated). Ostfalen, together with the title of Duke of Saxony were given to Bernhard of Aschersleben. The posessions of the House of Welf however were rendered.

Bernhard of Aschersleben did not succeed in establishing his authority in the parts of Saxony which were allowed to him and as a result the duchies of Engern and Ostfalen fell apart in dozens of imperial fiefs, together with the large possessions of the Welfs around their strongholds of Lüneburg and Brunswick. The autority of the successors of Bernhard became restricted to the territories on the westbank of the river Elbe and in the end to the territories of Lauenburg and Wittenberg which had not even been a part of Saxony but had formerly been a part of the marches of the Billunger and Meissen. According to their grant in 1180 however they continued to call themselves Duke of Saxony, Engern and Westfalen.( DVCIS SAXONIE ANGRIE ET WESTFALIE.)

In a treaty between the archbishop of Cologne and the Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg of 1260 the boundaries between the two states were established, the archbishop  receiving most of the territories west of the river Weser and the duke the territories east of it. Thus the duchy of Engern was divided into a Cologne part and a Brunswick-Lüneburg part.

In the course of time two great principalities were left to the east of the Weser: the Kingdom of Hanover and the Duchy of Brunswick (after 1866 Hanover became a Prussian province; after 1919 Brunswick became a free state).

West of the River Hunte a “de-Westphalianising process” began in 1815: After the Congress of Vienna Osnabrück and Aurich were transferred to the Kingdom of Hanover. Until 1946, the Grand Duchy of Oldenburg and the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe retained their stately authority.

 

In 1933 the region was subdivided into four NSDAP-Gaue: Weser-Ems, Ost-Hannover, Süd-Hannover Westfalen Nord and Westfalen-Süd. From these Gaue, and the part of the Gau Magdeburg-Anhalt west of the Elbe, comprising the former states of Hannover, Schaumburg-Lippe, Oldenburg and Brunswick, the state of Niedersachsen (Lower Saxony) was formed on 23 November 1946. The Gau Westfalen Süd became a part of Nordrhein-Westfalen.

 

Post World War II

After the Second World War most of Northwest Germany lay within the British Zone of Occupation. 1945–1994. This was administered by the British Army on the Rhine.

The (second) British Army on the Rhine was formed on 25 August 1945 from 21st Army Group. Its original function was to control the corps districts which were running the military government of the British zone of occupied Germany.

On 23 August 1946, the British Military Government issued Regulation No. 46 "Concerning the dissolution of the provinces of the former state of Prussia in the British Zone and their reformation as independent states", which initially established the State of Hanover on the territory of the former Prussian Province of Hanover and the NSDAP Gau Süd-Hannover. Its minister president, Hinrich Wilhelm Kopf, had already suggested in June 1945 the formation of a state of Lower Saxony, that was to include the largest possible region in the middle of the British Zone.

In the end, at the meeting of the Zone Advisory Board on 20 September 1946, Kopf's proposal with regard to the division of the British occupation zone into three large states proved to be capable of gaining a majority. Because this division of their occupation zone into relatively large states also met the interests of the British, on 8 November 1946 Regulation No. 55 of the British military government was issued, by which the State of Lower Saxony with its capital Hanover were founded, backdated to 1 November 1946. The state was formed by a merger of the Free States of Brunswick, of Oldenburg and of Schaumburg-Lippe with the previously formed State of Hanover.

 

Name

The name of Niedersachsen for the former duchy of Saxony (and the British Occupation zone after WWII) was chosen in 1946 because at the time Saxony was the name of the former Wettin territory of Meissen which had developed into the Freestate of Saxony (then in the Soviet occupation zone).

The name Lower Saxony initially applied to Saxony and the Netherlands together which were called Neder Sassen in the Dutch Reimchronik of Melis Stoke (vs. 42, 130) of about 1300:

 

Ouden boeken hoer ic gewaghen,

Dat al tlant benedene Nyemagen

Wilen Neder-Zassen hiet.

Also als die stroem versciet

Van der Masen ende van den Rine;  45

Die Scelt was dat westende sine

Also als si valt indie zee;

Oest streckede min no mee

Dan toter Lauece of ter Elve.

 

That is to say from the river Scheld to the river Elbe.

In the 16th century (1512 &1522) the name applied to the Niedersächische Reichskreis which included the easternmost part of current Lower Saxony, the northernmost part of Saxony-Anhalt (excluding the Altmark), Mecklenburg, Holstein (excluding Dithmarschen), Hamburg, Bremen, in addition to small areas in Brandenburg and Thuringia.

In the 20th century the name applied to the Wahlkreisverband IX Niedersachsen formed 1920 and comprising the entire Weser-Ems region. The name of Niedersachsen was suggested in  June 1945 for the entire British Occupation zone and in 1946 it was indeed adopted for this territory.

 

Heraldry

 

The Dukes of Saxony

 

Shortly after Saxony was conquered by Charlemagne it is written in the 10th century by Widukind of Corvey that the Saxons had a „signum … sacrum, leonis atque draconis et desuper aquilæ volantis insignitum effigie”.  [1] (The holy emblem, a lion together with a dragon and a flying eagle above)

Accordingly, and also according to the 13th century Sachsenspiegel of Eike von Repgow, the duke of Saxony had a lion as a symbol. This lion, however, seems to have been introduced only in the 12th century when Henry the Proud received the imperial insignia, together with the duchy of Saxony from his father-in-law king Lothar of Supplinburg in 1137. From his short reign (1137-’38) a coin is preserved showing a lion passant.

 

Penny of Henry the Proud from the mint of Brunswick

V°: Legend X HEINR... X CA. Lion passant to the dexter

R°.: Unreadable legend (Æ 26,1 mm; 0,85 g.)

 

Henry the Lion

As depicted in his Gospels (1173-’89) [2]

Of his successor Albrecht the Bear (1138-’42) no such badge of rank is known. The idea was developed by Henry the Lion (1142-’80) son of Henri the Proud, whose seal and coins show a lion. Also he erected a lion-statue in his castle of Brunswick in 1166.

On this seal, the authenticity of which is not free from doubt, Henry bears a shield with a lion:

Equestrian seal.

Arms: Lion. L.: HENRICVS DEI GRA DVX BAWARIE 7 SAXONIE. On a document of  1154.06.03

(St. A. Hannover, Hild. Or., Riechenberg 2. Ancient reproduction in the Origines Guelfica III, Tafel 1)[3]

 

A confirmation of the assumption that the shield of Henry the Lionhas ever been charged with a lion is given by the seal of the city of Schwerin, founded by Henry in 1160. This shows a rider on

horseback with a shield  charged with a lion passant and has the inscription: X DVX * HENRICVS * ET * SIGILLVM * CIVITATIS * ZVERIN.  It is supposed that with the knight Henry the Lion is meant, even when the date of the seal is 1255, about sixty years after his death.

 

On a seal from 1161 however, he bears a shield with a thunderbolt.

 

Equestrian seal of Henry the Lion, 1161

Arms: Thunderbolt. Pennon: 3 tails L.:  (X) heinricvs . dei . gracia . dvx . bawarie . et saxoni(e).. (Wolfenbüttel, Niedersächsisches Staatsarchiv, 24 Urk. 3: 1146). [4]

The shield represents a function, probably of a bailiff or army commander, but not the rank of a duke. In the time of this seal Henry ended his crusades against the Wends to which he had been compelled in 1147.

 

On his coins a lion is clearly visible:

Coins of Henry the Lion struck in Brunswick.

Showing a lion passant and the castle of Brunswick (7,8,9,10 & 14) [5]

 

Lion of Brunswick, 1166

Original in the Castle of Dankwarderode, formerly on the square of the castle.

 

At the Reichstag in Erfurt in November 1181 Henry was deposed in his duchies and degraded, the Emperor promising him to rehabilitate him in his rank in the future. For this reason it is probable that also his badge of rank, being the lion passant was taken from him. This may be the reason why the so-called lion’s dalmatica, which he could have worn at his degradation, is preserved in Halberstadt, the Cathedral of Halberstadt having been destroyed for a part by Henry the Lion in 1179. No indication that this dalmatica was worn by Henry at the ceremony however is given as it is only said that Henry knelt before the emperor and was rised by him.

 

Medallion enclosing a lion

On the Lion’s Dalmatica of Halberstadt (Treasury of Halberstadt Cathedral, inv. nr. 117).

 

Nevertheless it may be very likely, that this dalmatica has been the property of Henry the Lion as no other prince in the region could have afforded such a precious piece, fitting exactly to his rank, nor is it known that any other prince there had the rank of a duke but he.[6] Also, it is remarkable that the style of the medallions enclosing the lions is the same as of the medallions on the background of his portrait in his gospels (enclosing a cock).

 

Certainly, the lion was readopted according to the promise of Frederick Barbarossa after Henry had returned from his exile in 1185. On his seals used between 1185 and his death in 1195, there was a lion passant again, surrounded by the legend sigillvm henrici dvcis. (the names Saxonie, Bavarie or of any other territory missing, according to the verdict). It is remarkable that this lion was not on a shield, nor that the duke was depicted as a knight on horseback, indicating that he also had lost his dignity of a warrior. At the time, he was of the age of 46 to 66. [7] After his death the lion was adopted by both his sons William and Otto in Brunswick and Lüneburg, the lion still being the badge of rank of a duke.

 

The successors of Henry the Lion as a duke of Saxony did not adopt the lion as a badge of rank. Bernard of Anhalt bore a coat of arms composed of the eagle of his father who was a margrave of Brandenburg, and a barry of Or and Sable, which were the colours of the Hohenstaufen party and probably the colours of the Ascanian dynasty. His successors bore these arms as a coat of arms of the Ascanian dynasty, younger branches treating it as such by adding new charges like a bendlet or a crown of rue. These arms were adopted by the successors of the House of Ascania-Wittenberg, Dukes and Electors of Saxony from the House of Wettin.

For the many branches of the House of Wettin, Dukes of Saxony a barry of Or and Sable, a crown of rue per bend Vert, became the  shared coat of arms.

 

Saxony

 

After the dissolution of the Duchy of Saxony a horse became the symbol of the Saxons as well as of Saxony, the german name of  “Sachsen” the denomination of both the people and the territory.

 

A peculiar piece may attract our attention in this context. It is a bracteate, probably struck in Erfurt at an uncertain date at the end of the 12th century, showing a horse.[8]

Bracteate, probably Erfurt, about 1200

 

The piece is unique because on other bracteates, when a horse is depicted, it is always mounted by a knight in armour with a shield, the knight on horseback  being the ruler of a certain territory, sometimes indicated by the legend. [9]

In other words, on this bracteate the ruler is missing and for this reason the horse may symbolize a territory without a ruler, the duchy of Saxony missing his ruler being a candidate at the time.

 

Certainly the allegation is highly hypothetical if there had not been another early testimony of a horse in relation with the the duchy of Saxony. This is given by Conrad von Mure in his Clipearius Teutonicorum vs. 8-9 in which he versifies:

 

Albus equus rubeo clipeo regis solet esse / Ungarici, nec equo frenum, nec sella deesse. [10]

 

This is only comprehensible if we read Angarici instead of Ungarici, the ‘A’ in mediaval script often taken for an U. [11] This would make the arms described (a white horse without a bridle and saddle on a red shield) not of the King of Hungary but of Engern or Angaria, the part of former Saxony ruled by the archbishop-elector of Cologne.

 

After this, the Saxon horse became the common denominator for the main saxon principalities.

 

Seal of Henry III of Schwerin, 1334

St. A. Hanover, Celle Or. 100 St. Michaelis Lüneburg Nr. 244

 

In 1334 the horse appeared on the seal of count Henry III of Schwerin which had been captured by Henry the Lion in 1160 and had become a county in 1161. Schwerin became a saxon fief again in 1227 and remained so until it was sold to the House of Mecklenburg in 1357.[12] As a result the horse disappeared. The counts of Schwerin bore: per fess Gules and Or. Their arms first appeared in 1326. [13]

Seal of the Dukes Albrecht II of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen to Salzderhelden (left)

and  Johann of Braunschweig Grubenhagen (right)

St. A. Wolfenbüttel.

 

In 1361 the horse appeared in Brunswick on the seals of duke Albrecht II of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen to Salzderhelden and of duke Johann of Braunschweig Grubenhagen.[14]. Somewhat later, in 1362, the horse was introduced as a crest on the arms of Otto the Angry of Braunschweig-Göttingen and in 1374 on the seal of Ernst of Braunschweig-Wolffenbüttel [15]

It has to bge noticed that the horse is bridled and saddled now, the Saxons of Brunswick being ruled by the the House of Welf!

   

Seals of Otto the Angry of Brunswick-Göttingen (left) and Ernst of Braunschweig-Wolffenbüttel (right)

St. A. Hannover, Dep. 19 v. Grote-Jühnde A 1  & Engraving from Von Praun’s Siegelkabinett. Hist. Verein f. Niedersachsen 1046 fol., Nr. 183.

 

From then on the horse was a part of the heraldry of Brunswick. At the same time these princes bore their common dynastic arms of Gules, two lions passant Or, thus making a difference between the arms of the dukes of Brunswick and the arms of Saxony.

Certainly for reasons of propaganda, that is to say to demonstrate the claims of the House of Welf on the duchy of Saxony after the Golden Bull of Eger (1356), the horse was made the ancient arms of Brunswick in the Codex Seffken from about 1379/’80, thus tracing the arms with the horse back to the origin of the duchy. [16]

Arms and crest of Brunswick in the Armorial Von den Ersten (Codex Seffken).

 

In the beginning of the 15th century the horse was introduced on the arms of the duchy of Westfalen, after 1180 in the posession of the Archbisshop-Elector of Cologne. In 1442 Dietrich of Moers (1414-’63) was enfeoffed with three banners: dat eine was dat gesticht von Koelne, ind dat ander dat herrigdom van Westphalen, ind dat dirde dat gesticht von Palburne (= Paderborn). On these banners were the arms of Cologne (Argent, a cross Sable), Paderborn (Argent, a cross Gules) and on the third the white horse on a red field. This is confirmed by the armorial of Berghammer from about the same time in which the arms are given as: Gules, a horse saliant Argent (Bergshammer, fol. 11 r°, n° 75: h westvalen [17]). Probably the arms were introduced to confirm the possession of Westfalen against the claims of the House of Wettin which had inherited the title of Duke of Saxony from the House of Ascania-Wittenberg which had died out in 1422.

 

Probably because of the resemblance of the arms of Angaria/Engern and (the new) arms of Westphalen, the arms of Angaria were changed at the beginning of the 16th century into: Gules, three hearts Or 2&1. It appeared for the first time on a stained glass-window in Cologne Cathedral, depicting Herman of Hesse (1480-1508). [18] The House of Ascania-Lauenburg which had also a claim on Engern introduced Argent, three waterlily-leaves Gules 2&1 after 1422. At the end of the 15th century a parti of Sable and Argent appeared on an engraving of Lucas Cranach the Elder but this was almost immediately replaced by the three waterlily leaves again.

 

Archbishop Herman of Hesse of Cologne.

On a stained window in Cologne Cathedral. His arms are: 2Í4: Cologne, Hessen, Paderborn, Westfalen, Engern,  Ziegenhain, Arnsberg, Nidda.

 

In the nineteenth century the saxon horse was also adopted by Prussia, the new owner of saxon territories: in 1817 for the province of Westfalen and in 1866 for the province of Hannover (united Brunswick and Lüneburg).

For all these owners of parts of Saxony alias Lower Saxony, that is to say: Saxony-Schwerin (†1357) , Saxony-Brunswick (†1946) and Saxony-Cologne (= Westfalen-Engern †1946), Saxony was the common denominator symbolized by the horse.

 

After WWI they were also adopted by the saxon states of the Republic of Weimar and the NSDAP-saxon Gaue (districts) of Süd-Hannover-Braunschweig and Westfalen-Nord (the horse Or, instead of Argent). The arms of the other parts of NSDAP-Saxony: Magdeburg Anhalt, Ost-Hannover, Weser-Ems and Westfalen-Süd showing the arms of Magdeburg and Anhalt,  the city of Lüneburg (the colors inversed), of the duchy of Oldenburg and the arms of the city of Bochum (Vert, a book Sable, ist pages Azure, its locks and binding Argent).

 

The Arms of the NSDAP-Gaue 1933-1945

 

Gau Magdeburg Anhalt

Capital: Magdeburg

Gau Ost-Hannover

Capital: Lüneburg

Gau Hannover-Braunschweig

Capital Hannover

Gau Weser-Ems

Capial Oldenburg

Gau Westfalen-Nord

Capital: Münster

Gau Westfalen Süd

Capital: Bochum

 

Other Rulers

 

In the 13th century the white rearing horse on a red field were the arms of the Poulains, (European-) knights which had permanently settled in the Holy Land. It is not known however if these knights were of Saxon origin and named after their emblem (poulain = new born horse/foal) or that they had adopted the arms with the horse at random. [19]

Other rulers adopted the white horse to demonstrate a claim on the duchy.

From 1560 it was a part of the arms of the counts of Savoye who allegated that they descended from duke Widukind. To demonstrate their claim their arms were augmented with the white horse of Westfalen, the waterlily-leaves of Lauenburg-Angaria and the crown of rue of the Ascanian dukes of Wittenberg.

In 1826 the white horse also appeared in the arms of Saxony-Altenburg and Saxony-Coburg and Gotha (which had never been a part of Saxony)

 

Today, the white horse is a part of the arms of Nordrhein-Westfalen. It is also the arms of the land Niedersachsen, in fact the successor of the Duchy of Saxony.

 

Land Niedersachsen

 

In 1945 former Saxony was occupied by the Canadian and British 21st Army Group of which the arms showed:

Arms: Gules, a cross Azure charged with two swords in saltire Or.

 

On certain publications these arms were augmented with the British Imperial State Crown and a listel with dates and places of operations of the Group. Below are the flags of France and the United Kingdom.

 

From: http://www.airgraph.com/keeton4.html

 

 

The Diet of Lower Saxony  decided on 3 April 1951 to adopt the Lower-Saxon horse as an emblem. On Art. 1, section 2 of the Provisional constitution  of Lower Saxony of 13 April 1951 it was decreed that: »Niedersachsen führt als Wappen das weiße Roß im roten Felde.« By law of  13 October 1952 (GVBl. S. 169 § 1) about arms, flag and seal of the Stae of Niedersachsen it was decreed that the arms is a red shield with a white rearing horse to the dexter. The arms were drawn by Gustav Völker.

 

Æ see illustration in the head of this essay.

 

The Larger Seal shows the horse on a circular field and the seal of the Minister-President the horse within the legend: DER «NIEDERSÄCHSISCHE « MINSTERPRÄSIDENT ·

 

Larger Seal of State

 

 

 

 

Seal of the Minister-President

 

The symbol or logo of Lower Saxony showed the white horse on a red disc:

 

 

The present decree about the use of the arms and the seal reads:

 

 

Landeswappen, Landessiegel, Amtsschild und Landessymbole

(LandWSymb)

 

Beschl. d. LReg. v. 23.5.2000 - StK-201-01405/01-

Vom 23. Mai 2000 (Nds. MBl. S. 333)

Zuletzt geändert durch Beschl. vom 6. Februar 2007 (Nds. MBl. S. 139)

- VORIS 11410 01 00 00 010

 


Bezug:

a) 

Beschl. d. LM v. 10.8.1954 (Nds. MBl. S. 382) - VORIS 11410 01 00 00 005 -

b) 

Beschl. d. LM v. 10.8.1954 (Nds. MBl. S. 383) - VORIS 11410 01 00 00 006 -

c) 

Beschl. v. 7.3.1995 (Nds. MBl. S. 429), zuletzt geändert durch Beschl. v. 13.7.1999 (Nds. MBl. S. 405)

- VORIS 11410 01 00 00 009 -

d) 

Beschl. d. LM v. 27.9.1955 (Nds. MBl. S. 806) - VORIS 11410 00 00 03 001 - 

 

Abschnitt 1

Landeswappen

 

Die Führung des Landeswappens ist ausschließlich den Dienststellen des Landes vorbehalten (Hoheitszeichen). Die StK kann im Einzelfall die Verwendung des Landeswappens gestatten.
 

Abschnitt 2

Landessiegel

 

2.1 Neben den Dienststellen des Landes einschließlich der Landesbetriebe nach § 26 LHO führen nach § 6 Abs. 2 des Gesetzes über Wappen, Flaggen und Siegel das kleine Landessiegel

a) 

die öffentlichen Schulen;

b) 

die anerkannten Ersatzschulen bei der Aufnahme und Versetzung von Schülerinnen und Schülern sowie bei der Abhaltung von Prüfungen und bei der Verleihung von Berechtigungen ( § 148 NSchG ),

c) 

die Hochschulen nach § 1 Abs. 1 NHG ; das Recht zur Führung eigener Siegel bleibt unberührt, 

d) 

die Standesbeamtinnen und Standesbeamten,

e) 

die Notarinnen und Notare,

f) 

die Schiedsämter,

g) 

die Öffentlich bestellten Vermessungsingenieurinnen und Öffentlich bestellten Vermessungsinge-nieure,

h) 

die Anstalt Niedersächsische Landesforsten

i) 

die Niedersächsische Kommunalprüfungsanstalt

j) 

die Gütestellen i.S. des § 794 Abs. 1 Nr. 1 der ZPO bei der Erteilung der Vollstreckungsklausel für Vergleiche, die vor der Gütestelle geschlossen sind.

 

2.2.1

Nachfolgende Dienststellen des Landes wenden als überkommene heimatgebundene Einrichtungen i.S. des § 8 Abs. 1 des Gesetzes über Wappen, Flaggen und Siegel anstelle des kleinen Landessiegels das vor der Bildung des Landes Niedersachsen herkömmlich geführte Landessiegel weiter an:

 

a) 

Landesmuseum für Kunst- und Kulturgeschichte in Oldenburg,

b) 

Staatliches Museum für Naturkunde und Vorgeschichte in Oldenburg,

c) 

Landesbibliothek in Oldenburg, 

d) 

Oldenburgisches Staatstheater,

e) 

Staatsarchiv in Oldenburg,

f) 

Braunschweigisches Landesmuseum,

g) 

Staatliches Naturhistorisches Museum Braunschweig,

h) 

Staatstheater Braunschweig,

i) 

Staatsarchiv in Wolfenbüttel,

j) 

Herzog Anton Ulrich-Museum in Braunschweig,

k) 

Herzog August Bibliothek in Wolfenbüttel.

 

2.2.2

Die Erlaubnis zur Anwendung des Landeswappens oder des vor der Bildung des Landes Niedersachsen herkömmlich geführten Landeswappens im Siegel einer Körperschaft, Anstalt oder Stiftung des öffentlichen Rechts wird gemäß § 7 Abs. 1 Satz 1 und § 8 Abs. 2 Satz 1 des Gesetzes über Wappen, Flaggen und Siegel von dem zuständigen Ministerium im Einvernehmen mit der StK erteilt.

 

2.2.3

Für die Gestaltung und Beschriftung der Siegel sind die in Anlage 1 abgedruckten Muster maßgebend.

Abschnitt 3

Amtsschild

3.1.
Zur Führung des Amtsschildes sind die Dienststellen des Landes einschließlich der Landesbetriebe nach § 26 LHO , die Notarinnen und Notare, die Gerichtsvollzieherinnen und Gerichtsvollzieher, die Schiedsämter sowie die Öffentlich bestellten Vermessungsingenieu-rinnen und Öffentlich bestellten Vermessungsingenieure berechtigt.

3.2.1
Das Amtsschild zeigt in einem weißen Rechteck das Landeswappen. Unter dem Wappen steht (in der Regel ohne Angabe des Ortes) die Dienststellenbezeichnung in schwarzer Schrift.

3.2.2
Das Amtsschild der Polizeidienststellen zeigt in einem blauen, weiß eingefassten Rechteck einen zwölfstrahligen Polizeistern mit dem nach rechts gewendeten springenden weißen Ross im Herzstück und der Inschrift “Polizei” in weißer Farbe. Es soll so angebracht werden, dass es auffällig in Erscheinung tritt und das Auffinden der Polizeidienststellen erleichtert. Unberührt bleibt die Anbringung von Leuchttransparenten und Hinweisschildern für Polizeidienststellen.
3.3
Die Größe des Amtsschildes bestimmt sich nach der Größe und Gestaltung des Gebäudes und der Fläche, auf der das Amtsschild angebracht wird.

3.4

Befinden sich in einem Gebäude mehrere zur Führung des Amtsschildes berechtigte Dienststellen, so können sie ein gemeinsames Schild mit dem Landeswappen verwenden. Die Dienststellenbezeichnung erfolgt durch besondere Anhängeschilder. Nr. 3.2.2 Satz 1 ohne Inschrift gilt für die Polizeidienststellen entsprechend.

3.5

Für die Gestaltung und Beschriftung der Amtsschilder sind die in Anlage 2 abgedruckten Muster maßgebend.

 

Abschnitt 4

Niedersachsen-Logo

Das Niedersachsen-Logo (Anlage 3) dient einem einheitlichen Erscheinungsbild des Landes. Es darf ausschließlich von Dienststellen des Landes einschließlich der Landesbetriebe nach § 26 LHO , der Anstalt Niedersächsische Landesforsten, der Niedersächsischen Kommunalprüfungs-anstalt sowie den Öffentlich bestellten Vermessungsingenieurinnen und Öffentlich bestellten Vermessungsingenieuren bei ihrer Amtstätigkeit verwendet werden.

 

Abschnitt 5

Niedersachsen-Zeichen

Das Niedersachsen-Zeichen (Anlagen 4 und 5) dient außerhalb der Landesverwaltung einem einheitlichen Erscheinungsbild des Landes, insbesondere auch im sozialen, kulturellen und wirtschaftlichen Bereich. Es darf mit oder ohne den Zusatz "Niedersachsen“ mit Zustimmung der StK außerhalb der Landesverwaltung gemäß den verbindlichen Arbeitsgrundlagen verwendet werden.

Unzulässig ist, das Niedersachsen-Zeichen oder eine veränderte Version so zu verwenden, dass ein amtlicher Eindruck entstehen kann.

 

Abschnitt 6

Schlussbestimmung

Die Bezugsbeschlüsse werden aufgehoben.

 


Anlage 1

- Muster 1 -

Siegel einer überkommenen heimatgebundenen Einrichtung i.S. des § 8 Abs. 1 des Gesetzes über Wappen, Flaggen und Siegel mit dem Sitz in dem ehemaligen Land Oldenburg:

Siegel einer überkommenen heimatgebundenen Einrichtung

 

- Muster 2 -

Siegel einer überkommenen heimatgebundenen Einrichtung i.S. des § 8 Abs. 1 des Gesetzes über Wappen, Flaggen und Siegel mit dem Sitz in dem ehemaligen Land Braunschweig:

Siegel einer überkommenen heimatgebundenen Einrichtung

 

- Muster 3 -

Siegel der Körperschaften, Anstalten und Stiftungen des öffentlichen Rechts mit dem Landeswappen nach § 7 Abs. 1 des Gesetzes über Wappen, Flaggen und Siegel

:Siegel der Körperschaften, Anstalten und Stiftungen des öffentlichen Rechts mit dem Landeswappen

 

- Muster 4 -

Siegel der Körperschaften, Anstalten und Stiftungen des öffentlichen Rechts mit dem Wappen der ehemaligen Länder Oldenburg und Braunschweig nach § 8 Abs. 2 des Gesetzes über Wappen, Flaggen und Siegel :

 

a) Siegel mit dem Wappen des ehemaligen Landes Oldenburg:

Siegel der Körperschaften, Anstalten und Stiftungen des öffentlichen Rechts mit dem Wappen der ehemaligen Länder Oldenburg und Braunschweig

b) Siegel mit dem Wappen des ehemaligen Landes Braunschweig:

Siegel mit dem Wappen des ehemaligen Landes Braunschweig

 


Anlage 2

 

Anlage 3

- Niedersachsen-Logo -

Logo von Niedersachsen

Anlage 4

- Niedersachsen-Zeichen -

 

Anlage 5

- Niedersachsen-Zeichen -


 

Armed Forces

 

Bundeswehr

 

The German Army was reestablished in 1955. From1956 until 2006 the Land Lower Saxony was the southern part of the Wehrbereichskommando I Küste (Territorial Command I, Coast) divided into four Verteidigungsbezirkskommandos (Defense Districts Commands (VBK): nrs 20, 23, 24 and 25.

1956-2001

 

2001-2006

Wehrbereichcommando I Küste

The ship is the ship of the arms of the NATO Armed Forces North (AFNORTH)

 (Azure, a Viking ship Argent, its sails paly Argent and Gules, its shields Gules)

 

VBK 20

VBK 23

VBK24

 

VBK25

 

From 2007 the Federal Army in Lower Saxony is organised in the Landeskommando Niedersachsen (Territorial Command Lower Saxony).

 

Landeskommando Niedersachsen (2007-)

 

Police

 

According to Section 3, 3.2.2 of the decree about the Arms, Seal, Service Shield and Logo  the shield of the service on the police offices is a blue rectangular shield surrounded by a white line, charged with a twelve-pointed police-star with the saxon horse in the middle, and the inscription POLIZEI below, all white.

The star of the police is twelve pointed and shows the arms of Lower Saxony in full color.

 

 

Police Star

Police Office Shield

 

 

Sleeve-patch  (ancient 1)

 

Sleeve-patch (ancient 2)

Sleeve-patch (new)

 

 

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© Hubert de Vries 2012-07-03

 



[1]  Widukind of Corvey: Res gestae saxonicae sive annalium libri tres, i, 11 (Mon. Germ Hist., SS., iii, 422.)

[2]  Evangeliar Heinrichs des Löwen. Herzog August Bibliothek Wolfenbüttel. Cod. Guelf. 105 Noviss., 2°, fol 19 r.

[3]  Schnath, Georg: Das Sachsenross. Entstehung und Bedeutung des Niedersächsischen Landeswappens. 2e Vermehrte u. verbesserte Auflage. Schriftenreihe der Landeszentrale für politische Bildung in Niedersachsen. Reihe B Heft 6. Hannover, 1961. Abb. 2.

[4] From Die Zeit der Staufer, Stuttgart, 1977 Kat. n° 65. 

[5] Ibid. T. I, N°s 189.74 -189.14; T.II, Abb. 110,  6-14.

[6] At the same time the duke of Lower Lorraine introduced his coat of arms being a golden lion of a black shield. A dalmatica with lions enclosed is also worn by a prince on a fresco in St. Bavo Abbey in Gent, 2nd half of the 12th century

[7] Matthes, Dieter: Bemerkungen zum Löwensiegel Herzog Heinrichs. In: Mohrmann, Wolf Dieter Ed.: Heinrich der Löwe. Göttingen, 1980                                                                                 

[8] Elisabeth Nau:  Der Erfurter Pfennig und seine Münzstätten In Die Zeit der Staufer I, pp.135-141, Nr. 188.75. Abb. 107.3. Who thinks the beast is a lion (!)

[9] Schnath , op.cit.  p. 14  rejects this theory fiercely  but takes only the bracteates of  Otto IV showing a ruler on horsback into account.

[10] Liebenau, Th. v.: Das alteste Wappengedicht Deutschlands. In: Vierteljahrsschrift für Wappen- Siegel- und Familienkunde. Herold. VIII Jahrg. 1880, pp. 20 - 34.

[11] The confusion between an A and an U is possible between the capitals  en  written  in  12th and 13th century manuscripts but also between the German frakturkapitals  and  in incunables from the beginning of the 16th century.

[12] Schnath. op.cit. n° 33

[13] Hefner, O.T. von: Die Wappen der Souveräne der deutschen Bundesstaaten. Baner & Raspe. Nürnberg, 1856. Tafel 66

[14] Schnath, op. cit. 14 & 15

[15]  Schnath, op.cit. 16 & 22.

[16] Schanth, op.cit 24. Lower Saxony Armorial “Von der Ersten”, fol. 28 nr 5.  After Hildebrandt, A.M. & G. A. Seyler: Codex Seffken. Berlin 1893. Also: Berchem, E., D.L. Galbreath & O. Hupp: Beiträge zur Geschichte der Heraldik. Schriftenreihe der Reichsstelle für Sippenforschung. Bd. III. Berlin 1939. Teil I. Die Wappenbücher des deutschen Mittelalters.  13, pp. 18-19.

[17] Raneke, Jan: Bergshammar Vapenboken - En Medeltidsheraldisk Studie. Lund, 1975.

[18] Horstmann, Hans: Köln und Westfalen. Die Wechselwirkung der Hoheitszeichen. In: Köln Westfalen, 1180-1980. Landesgeschichte zwischen Rhein und Weser. 26 Oktober 1980 bis 18 Januar 1981. Westfälisches Landesmuseum für Kunst und Kulturgeschichte. Münster. Landschafstverband Westfalen-Lippe. Pp. 207-213. More about the arms of Westfalen in: Veddeler, Peter: Das Westfalenross. Geschichte des westfälische Wappens. Selbstverlag Nordrhein-West-fälisches Staatsarchiv Münster, 1987.

[19] Adam-Even, Paul & Léon Jéquier: Un Armorial français du XIIIe siècle, l'armorial Wijnbergen. In: Archives Heraldiques Suisses. 1951-’53. N°.1096: Le roy de poulenne: Gules, a rearing horse Argent.