КОМИ

 

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The Komi first appear in the records of the Novgorod Republic in the 12th century, when Novgorodian traders travelled to the Perm region in search of furs and animal hides. The Komi territories came under the influence of Muscovy in the late Middle Ages (late 15th to early 16th centuries). The site of Syktyvkar has been settled since the 16th century. It was known as Sysolskoye (Сысольскoe). In 1780, under Catherine the Great, it was renamed to Ust-Sysolsk (Усть-Сысольск) and used as a penal colony.

 

The first coats of arms in the Komi Region appeared at the end of the 18th century when Arkhangelsk was temporarily renamed Vologda and renamed Arkhangelsk Gubernorate shortly after (1780-1784).

 

Вологодское наместничество / Vologodskoi Namesticestvo

1780-1796

 

Vologda Viceroyalty existed from 1780–1796. The seat of the Viceroyalty was located in Vologda.

The viceroyalty was established by a decree (ukase) of Catherine II on 5 February  [O.S. 25 January], 1780. It was subdivided into three oblasts: Vologda, Veliky Ustyug, and Arkhangelsk. The predecessor of Vologda Viceroyalty was Archangelgorod Governorate with the seat in Arkhangelsk.

As with most of other governorates and viceroyalties established in the 1770s–1780s, the establishment of Vologda Viceroyalty was a part of the reform attempting to have a tighter control of local matters by the Russian autocracy The reform, in turn, was facilitated by the Pugachev's Rebellion of 1774–1775

On 26 March  1784 Arkhangelsk Oblast was split off and established as Arkhangelsk Viceroyalty.

Between 1784 and 1796, Vologda Viceroyalty bordered Arkhangelsk Viceroyalty in the north, Tobolsk Viceroyalty in the northeast, Perm Viceroyalty in the east, Vyatka Viceroyalty in the southeast, Kostroma and Yaroslavl Viceroyalties in the south, Novgorod Viceroyalty in the southwest, and Olonets Viceroyalty in the west. In terms of the modern political division of Russia, Vologda Viceroyalty in this period comprised the areas of what is currently the greater part of Vologda Oblast, as well as parts of the Komi Republic, Kostroma, Kirov, and Nizhny Novgorod Oblasts.

The viceroyalty was abolished by Emperor Paul I's decree on 23 December  [O.S. 12 December], 1796. On the territory of the viceroyalty (Vologda and Veliky Ustyug Oblasts) Vologda Governorate was established.

 

The viceroy of Vologda and his coat of arms, 1794 [1]

 

His official dress of a white vest and trousers and a blue surcoat. Black shoes with silver clasps.

 

The coat of arms of Vologda was granted on 2 October 1780, together with other emblems of the Vologda governorship (PSZ RI, No. 15069). The description of the arms reads:

 

“The city of Vologda has an old coat of arms. In the red field of the shield you can see a hand emerging from the cloud holding a golden orb with a silver sword. This is included in all the coats of arms in the first part of the shield belonging to the Vologda Viceroyalty.”

 

Вологодская губерния / Vologodskaia Gubernia

1796-1929

 

Vologda Governorate was officially created in 1796 from the disbanded Vologda Viceroyalty (namestnichestvo) which was split between Arkhangelsk Viceroyalty and Vologda Viceroyalty just before the new administrative reform.

Arms:  Gules, an arm vested coming from a cloud on the sinister proper, keeping an orb Or and a sword per bend proper in his hand.

Crown: A russian imperial crown

Garland: Branches of oak Or, tied  with the ribbon Azure of the Order of St. Andrew

Adopted 05.07.1878

 

Вологодская область

1937- present

 

The area of the governorate is currently split between Arkhangelsk-, Vologda-, Kirov-, and Kostroma Oblasts, and the Komi Republic.

 

Coat of arms by law 1995, 2003, 2005

 

Present Vologda Oblast continues the use of the coat of arms of the governorate. An imperial crown was added in chief  in 1995:

 

Law of the Vologda Oblast dated 11 October 1995 No. 35-OZ “On the coat of arms of the Vologda Oblast”

 

Also, the Law “On the coat of arms of the Vologda Oblast” was amended by Law No. 947-03 of 23 September 2003. They are also reflected in the Certificate on making the coat of arms in the State Heraldry Register under No. 101.

 

The Law of the Vologda Region dated 24 March 2005 No. 1242-OZ amended Article 1. [2]

 

Коми Aвтономная Oбласть (Autonomous Region)

22.08.1921-1936

 

Starting from the expedition led by the geologist and paleontologist Alexander von Keyserling in 1843, the present Komi territory was most extensively explored in the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries by the Russians, who found ample reservoirs of various minerals, as well as timber, to exploit.

After the founding of the Soviet Union, the Komi-Zyryan Autonomous Oblast was established on 22 August 1921, and on 5 December 1936, it was reorganized into the Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic with its administrative center located at the town of Syktyvkar.

It was composed of parts of  Arkhangelsk-, Vologda-, Perm- and  Viatska Governorates

 

 

Cherdyn / Чердынъ

17-07-1783

Mezen / Мезенъ

02-10-1781

 

Ust-Sysolsk / Устъ-Сысолъскъ

02-10-1781

Yarenski / Яренскъ

02-10-1781

 

In the thirties the region lost for a time its say in a large part of its territory which was then ruled by the  OGPU (1923-‘34)/ NKVD (1934-‘41) itself.

 

OGPU emblem 1923-‘34

NKVD emblem 1934-‘41

í Many of the “settlers” who came in the early 20th century were prisoners of the Gulag who were sent by the hundreds of thousands to perform forced labor in the Arctic regions of the USSR. Towns sprang up around labor-camp sites, which were initially carved out of the untouched tundra and taiga by gangs of prisoners. The first mine, “Rudnik No. 1,” became the city of Vorkuta, and the other towns of the region have similar origins: “Prisoners planned and built all of the republic's major cities, not just Ukhta but also Syktyvkar, Pechora, Vorkuta, and Inta. Prisoners built Komi's railways and roads, as well as its original industrial infrastructure.”

 

Komi ASSR

22.08-1936-1990

 

 

The coat of arms of the KOMI ASSR (Article 111 of the 1937 Constitution) was the coat of arms of Russia, but supplemented by the corresponding inscriptions in the Komi language: СТАВ СТРАНАЯССА ПРОЛЕТАРИЙЯС, OТУВТЧОЙ. The name of the republic looked the same in both Russian and Komi, so they were limited to one inscription КОМИ АССР

 

 

On May 23, 1978, the Extraordinary VIII Session of the Supreme Council of the KASSR of the 9th convocation approved the new Constitution of the KASSR. The flag and coat of arms of the republic were described in Art. 158, 157. The coat of arms was supplemented by a red star. The motto in the Komi language has became "СТАВ МУВЫВСА ПРОЛЕТАРИЙЯС, OТУВТЧОЙ. The regulation on the coat of arms was approved by Decree of the Presidium of the Armed Forces of the Republic of 15 September 1981.

 

Komi SSR

28.08.1990-1992

 

Коми Советская Социалистическая Республика

 

On 29 August 1990, the Declaration of Sovereignty and a new name, the Komi Soviet Socialist Republic, were adopted. At that time, the emblem on official forms was depicted with the inscription "Komi SSR".

 

Ć No picture available

 

Komi Republic

26.05.1992-present

 

On 26 May  1992, the name was changed into Komi Republic.

A competition for a new emblem lasted more than three years. Many projects were presented. V. Serditov proposed to depict a bear in the center of the coat of arms. The Komi consider a bear to be an incarnation of a deceased human soul, the abode of the spirit of the ancestors of the Finno-Ugric peoples. V.Punegov offered several options: an eagle owl (Bubo bubo), a man-elk-bird and a heraldic shield with moose supporters. Not one of these projects has been approved. In the end, the version of Anatoly Iosifovich Neverov (Syktyvkar) was adopted. In May 1994, the coat of arms was finally approved. They are:

 

Arms: Gules, a bird of prey guardant, wings expanded, charged with a woman’s head surrounded by six elk-heads Or.

 

Adopted: 06.06.1994. Heraldic Register of the Russian Federation: n° 153

 

Ć See illustration in the head of this article

 

Symbolism

The emblem of the Komi Republic is an image of a golden bird of prey, based on the Perm animal style, placed on a red heraldic shield; on the bird’s chest is a woman’s face framed by six elk heads. In the composition “bird-man-moose”, made in the style of religious castings, the mythology of the Komi is reflected.

In the traditional interpretation, a bird of prey with ajar wings is an image of the sun, power, the upper world. The face of the woman on the chest of the bird corresponds to the image of Zarni An (Golden Baba), the life-giving solar goddess, mother of the world. The elk is associated with the idea of ​​strength, nobility and beauty. In cosmological representations, he carries a synthesis of a harmonious structure of the world. The combination of gold and red of the color scheme of the coat of arms, symbolizes morning, spring, warm sun, motherhood and birth in Komi folklore.

Along with this, in the modern socio-political interpretation, the red field means the activity of the people and the authorities, and in combination with the form of the shield can be associated with the historical fate of the Komi people, which is part of the multinational Russian state. At the same time, the very figure of a bird with wings expanded has the form of a cross, which can be interpreted as a symbol of spiritual and state power.

Bird and bear in Perm animal style [3]

 

The golden bird of prey is a characteristic subject of the art of animal style in the Bronze and especially the Iron Ages among a number of peoples, including the Volga and Ural regions. It testifies that the ancient ancestors of the Komi were located in the Vychegda basin in the first millennium. Elk heads on the chest of the bird reinforce the ethnic origins of the Komi expressed by the bird. Images of moose along with birds are often found in monuments of the Perm animal style. The face of a woman, being a new stage in the development of the art of Vychegoda Komi, is associated with a later stage in the formation of this people, whose chronological framework ends in the 14th century.

At the same time, the bird is the personification of statehood and power, designed to protect the homeland and people, to contribute to their development and prosperity. Therefore, the bird is depicted on take-off. Open wings also means hospitality, an invitation to cooperation. In general, the central golden figure is a symbol of the goodwill and energy of the people. The woman’s face symbolizes the life-giving solar goddess, the mother of the world, the keeper of all that is holy and good. Elk - a symbol of strength, nobility, beauty, and in cosmological representations the synthesis of the harmonious structure of the world - organically fit into the feather pattern, its image gives the bird pose stability and balance. The combination of gold and red in the folklore of the Komi people is a symbol of the morning, spring, warm sun, motherhood.

 

Distrcts

Izhemsky District; Knyazhpogostsky District; Kortkerossky District; Koygorodsky District; Priluzsky District; Syktyvdinsky District; Sysolsky District; Troitsko-Pechorsky District; Udorsky District; Ust-Kulomsky District; Ust-Tsilemsky District; Ust-Vymsky District

 

Police

 

Emblems of the ministry of internal affairs in the republic of Komi [4]

 



Coat of arms

Arms: Per fess Azure, Vert and Argent, in the first the Komi National ornament, Or; in the base a spruce branch Vert

Crest: The achievement of the MVD

Motto: On a blue ribbon «СЛУЖИМ РОССИИ, СЛУЖИМ ЗАКОНУ». (Service of Russia, service of the law) in golden lettering

 



Breast badge

Arms The arms of the larger emblem

Crest: The achievement of the Ministry of Internal Affairs (MVD).

Motto: A blue ribbon with a golden inscription: “СЛУЖИМ РОССИИ, СЛУЖИМ ЗАКОНУ” (Service of Russia, service of the law).

Badge size 46x30 mm

 

 

 

 

 

 

From 2012, the motto of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs СЛУЖА ЗАКОНУ - СЛУЖИМ НАРОДУ” (Service to the law - service to the people) was written on the ribbon of the coat of arms and on the ribbon of the badge.

 

Symbolism:

The shape of the shield indicates that the emblem is a coat of arms of a territorial body of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia.

The shield of the coat of arms has the shape of the cockade on the headdresses of police officers of the early twentieth century. It denotes the continuity of generations of law enforcement advocates.

The arms are of the flag of the Republic of Komi, borrowed from the coat of arms of the city of Syktyvkar, the capital of the Republic of Komi.

 

  • Silver (Argent) - the color of purity and honesty;
  • Gold (Or) - the color of nobility;
  • Blue (Azure) is the color of fidelity to duty;
  • Red (Gules) is the color of courage and courage.

 

Emblems of departments of the MVD in the republic of Komi

CoA of the Department of Information and Public Relations (OIOS) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Republic of Komi

 

CoA of the Department of Organization of Inquiry (OOD) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in the Komi Republic

 

CoA of the Office of the Organization of the Protection of Public Order and Interaction with Executive Bodies of the Komi Republic and Local Government (UOOOP)

CoA of the Office for Economic Security and Anti-Corruption (UEBiPK) of the MVD in the Republic of Komi

CoA of the Department for work with personnel of the MVD in the Republic of Komi

 

CoA of the Center for Economic and Service Support (TSHSO) of the MVD in the Republic of Komi

 

 

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© Hubert de Vries 2019-11-02

 

 



[1] http://elib.shpl.ru/ru/nodes/524-izobrazhenie-gubernskih-namestnicheskih-kollezhskih-i-vseh-shtatskih-mundirov-spb-1794

[2] http://www.heraldicum.ru/russia/subjects/vologda.htm

[3] https://www.folklore.ee/folklore/vol18/permian.pdf

[4] From: https://geraldika.ru/symbols/9954