TAJIKISTAN • TOÇIKISTON

 

 

HISTORY

HERALDRY

Tajik A.S.S.R

Tadjik S.S.R

Republic of Tajikistan

Police

Gorno-Badakhshan

 

 

History

 

Tajikistan is a part of former Turkestan General Government and its successor Uzbekistan. It was formed as the Tajik Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic in 1924 and became a separate republic of the Soviet Union in 1929. From September 1991 it is a sovereign and independent republic.

In the south is the Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Territory.

Capital: Dushanbe.

 

Heraldry

 

Tajik Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic.

14.10.1924-16.12.1929

 

The Tajik ASSR was formed as the eastern part of the Uzbek SSR. The 1927 Uzbek constitution made a provision for the Tajik Persian language to appear besides the Uzbek and Russian mottoes on its coat of arms: Hama-ye prolētārhā-ye donyā yak-šavēd! (All proletarians of the world, unite!) and the state initials J. Š. E. Ūz. (Jomhūrīyat-e Šūrāhā-ye Ejtemā’ī-e Ūzbakestān). [1]. It was omitted in 1931 because by then Tajikistan had become a Republic of the Soviet Union independent of Uzbekistan. [2]

 

Picture: Roberto Breschi

 

The first arms consisted of a crescent Or and a five-pointed star charged with a landscape with a snowy mountain and a rising sun, all proper, recharged with a hammer (bālga) and local sickle (dās). Around the star but within the crescent is a garland of a branch of cotton and ears of wheat.

The motto reads Prolētārhā-ye hama-ye jehān yak-šavēd in latin and  Perso-Arabic script on both sides of the upper point of the star and “PROLETORHOJI HAMAJI ÇAHON JAK ŞAVED!” between the lower points of it. The inscriptions appear in both Russian and Tajik Persian. On the crescent is written:  “çumhūrijati suµsiolistiji şuµraviji muxtori toçikston” in Perso-Arabic script;  JOMHŪRĪYAT-E EJTEMĀ?Ī-E ŠŪRAWĪ-E MO?TĀR-E TĀJĪKESTĀN (or:  CUMHURIJATI IRTIMOIJI SURAVIJI MUXTORI TOCIKISTAN) in latin script, and ТАДЖИКСКАЯ АВТОНОМНАЯ СОВЕТСКАЯ СОЦИАЛИСТИСЧЕСКАЯ РЕСПУБЛИКА in Cyrillic.

adopted by Constitution 28.04.1929

 Picture: Habib Borjian

Another version of the emblem of 1929,

the mottoes and titles somewhat changed [3]

 

Tajik Socialist Soviet Republic

16.12.1929 - 09.09.1991

 

1st achievement adopted by decree of  26.05.1936.

 

 

Arms: A landscape showing the Pamir Mountains over which the sun is rising; in chief the letters  ç. s. s. toçikiston;  in the valley on the foreground are buildings and works and a tractor riding towards two sheep on the sinister.

Crest: A five-pointed star Or, voided Gules.

Garland: Branches of cotton and ears of wheat, tied with a ribbon Gules, its bow charged with a hammer and sickle in saltire Or.

Motto: On the dexter ribbon: Proletarhoji hamaji mamlakalho jak saved!; on the sinister ribbon: ПPOЛИETAPИИ  BCEX CTPAH COEДЙHЯTECЬ!, in golden lettering. [4]

 

2nd achievement adopted by Constitution of 1 III 1937, art. 129

 

 

Arms: A five-pointed star Gules, charged with a hammer and sickle in saltire Or, in base a rising un radiant proper.

Garland: Branches of cotton an ears of wheat proper.

Motto: On the dexter ribbon: Proletarhoji hamaji mamlakalho jak saved; in base: Ç. S. S.Toçikiston  and  TAДЖИKCKAЯ C.C.P.; on the sinister ribbon: ПPOЛИETAPИИ BCEX CTPAH COEДЙHЯTECЬ!, all in golden lettering.

 

3rd achievement adopted by Constitution of 1946, art. 131

 

 

Arms: A five-pointed star Gules, charged with a hammer and sickle in saltire Or, in base a rising un radiant proper.

Garland: Branches of cotton an ears of wheat proper.

Motto: On the dexter winding:  ПPOЛETAPXOИ  XAMAИ KAMЛAKATXO ЯK ШABEД!: in base: PCC Tочикистон / Taджиkckaя C.C.P.; on the sinister winding: ПPOЛИETAPИИ  BCEX CTPAH COEДЙHЯTECЬ!, all in white lettering.

 

Section 131 of the Tajik Constitution reads:

 

Государственный герб Таджкской Советской Социлистической Республики состоит из изображения на пятиконечкой звезды, в верхней части которой  изображены серп и молот в лучах солнца. Пятиконечная звезда обрамлена венцом, составленним справа из колосьев пшеницы слева из веток хлопчатника с раскрытыми коробочками. Сверху венец перевит лентой с надписью:: «Пролетарии всех стран соединяйтесь!»; на таджиском и русском языках. В нижнем секторе круга, образуемого венцом, лента с надписью «Таджкская ССР»; на таджиском и русском языках.

Статья 131 Конституции Таджкской ССР

 

Cumhuriya Toçikiston

09.09.1991 - present

 

In the beginning the new republic still used its ancient emblem of 1946 but in 1992 a new emblem was adopted. It was:

 

Arms: Three mountains of Pamir Mountainridge Or, topped Argent, issuing therefrom three bundles of rays and a lion passant reguardant Or.

Crest: a crown of three points, on the central point a pillar with a ball on top, and an arch of seven five-pointed stars.

Garland:  Ears of wheat, tied up with a ribbon of the national flag being white between narrow breadths red and green.

adopted 24.11.1992

2nd achievement, approved by decree of the Tajik Majlis Oli of  11.12.1999

The achievement is:

Arms: Three mountains of Pamir Mountainridge Azure, topped Argent issuing therefrom a rising sun Or, its rays charged with a crown of three points, on the central point a pillar with a ball on top, and an arch of seven five-pointed stars.

Garland: Branches of cotton and ears of wheat, tied up with a ribbon of the national flag being red, white and green, in base an open book proper.

ğ see illustration in the head of this essay

Police


 

 

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Territory

 

Previous to 1895, the area that today constitutes Gorno-Badakhshan province consisted of several semi-self governing statelets, including Darwaz, Shughnun-Rushan and Wakhan, who ruled over territories that today are part of Gorno-Badakhshan province in Tajikistan and Badakhshan Province in Afghanistan. The region was claimed by the Chinese and Russian empires and the Emirate of Afghanistan. The Qing rulers of China claimed control of the entire Pamir Mountains, but Qing military units only controlled the passes just east of Tashkorgan Town. In the 1890s Chinese, Russian and Afghan governments signed a series of agreements that divided Badakhshan, but the Chinese continued to contest these borders until it signed a 2002 agreement with the government of Tajikistan

 

Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Territory was created in January 1925 and it was attached to Tajik SSR (Soviet Socialist Republic) after the republic's creation in 1929. During the 1950s native inhabitants of Gorno-Badakhshan, including many ethnic Pamiris, were forcibly relocated to southwestern Tajikistan. ha calls for independence and Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Territory remains an autonomous province within Tajikistan.

 

 

Flag of the Oppositional Groups in the Tajikistan Civil War [5]

 

No emblem or flag of its own is known from the Gorno Badakshshan Autonomous Territory.

 

 

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© Hubert de Vries 2011-04-28



[1] Allworth, E. A.: The Modern Uzbeks: From the Fourteenth Century to the Present: A Cultural History, Stanford, 1990.  pp. 302-3; Romashkin P. S et al., eds., S’’ezdy soveto soyuza SSR, soyuznykh i avtonomnykh sovetkikh sotsialisticheskikh respublik; sbornik dokumentakh v semi tomakh, 1917-1937 gg (Congress of Soviets of the USSR, Union and Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republics; Collection of Documents in Seven Volumes, 1917-37), Moscow, 1958-65. VII p. 138

[2] Romashkin et al.,  VII, p. 202

[3] See also: http://www.iranica.com/articles/flags-iii, by Habib Borjian.

[4] Entsiklopedia, Sovietskaja Istoriceskaia -. Moskva, 1963. Vol. IV, kol. 255, fig. 9.

[5] From: http://www.qwiki.com/q/#!/Civil_war_in_Tajikistan